3D printing provides a fast efficient and cost-effective way of producing low volumes of end-use parts directly from 3D CAD design data, without the need for expensive metal tooling. By avoiding the need for tooling or a factory production line, it’s possible to get a quantity of one up to a few thousand parts in hours or days instead of weeks or months by using traditional manufacturing. FDM technology produces parts that are strong, heat, chemical and climate-resistant, in high performance materials that closely mimic real production parts. Parts are frequently sufficiently robust to substitute for metal parts whilst maintaining strength but with the added benefits of cost and weight reduction. Low volume manufacturing with 3D printers provides on the fly manufacturing for lean and flexible new product development or spare parts production.